Censorship is ancient and global. The origin of the term censor can be traced to the office of censor established in Rome in 443 BC. In Rome as in ancient Greece, the ideal of good governance included shaping the character of the people. Hence censorship was regarded as an honourable task. In China the first censorship law was introduced in 300 AD. Today censorship is regarded as the suppression of free expression, speech, the exchange of ideas and other expressions. Censorship can be direct, indirect and self-imposed.
Paul Sturges, Professor Emeritus, Loughborough University, UK (Professor Extraordinary, University of Pretoria, South Africa) has penned REGULATING THE PRESS: ENSURING RESPONSIBILITY, OR ROAD TO CENSORSHIP, a new article for the Beacon website. The essay is hearty and insightful. Sturges offers keen observations and raises questions about the difficulty of regulating the press and protecting freedom of expression. Arguing that press freedom and responsibility go hand in hand, Sturges uses content from the Beacon database to discuss the similarities and differences between regulation and censorship in different social contexts."This essay will focus mainly on the current British debate on press regulation, but also draw on content listed in the Beacon for Freedom of Expression database," Sturges notes.
Throughout history censorship has followed the free expressions of men and women like a shadow. In ancient societies, for example China, censorship was considered a legitimate instrument for regulating the moral and political life of the population
1903 -- First public screening of a film in Korea (the exact year is debated).
1910 -- Korea is formally annexed by Japan, after several years of effective colonization.
1919 -- First Korean film, a kinodrama (play with motion picture inserts) named ().
1923 -- First silent film, () directed by Yun Baek-nam.
1926 -- by Na Un-kyu.
1935 -- First sound film, directed by Lee Myung-woo.
1937 -- Japan invades China; censorship of film industry increases.
1945 -- Japan surrenders; Korea regains independence, but is soon divided in two.
1949 -- Korea's first color film, by Hong Seong-gi.
1950 -- War starts on the Korean Peninsula.
1953 -- Cease-fire agreement signed at Panmunjeom.
1956 -- Box office smash inaugurates industry revival.
1960 -- , directed by Kim Ki-young.
1961 -- , (pictured right) directed by Yu Hyun-mok.
1961 -- Military coup leads to consolidation and heavy regulation of film industry.
1973 -- Establishment of Korean Motion Picture Promotion Corporation (KMPPC).
1974 -- Establishment of Korean Film Archive.
1979 -- President Park Chung Hee is assassinated.
1980 -- Gwangju Uprising.
1981 -- , directed by Im Kwon-taek.
1988 -- Hollywood studios open first branch offices in Korea, led by UIP.
1992 -- is first film financed by a member of the chaebol (Samsung).
1993 -- Democratization spreads in Korea under new president Kim Young Sam.
1993 -- , directed by Im Kwon-taek, sets new local box office record.
1997 -- Opening of Namyangju Cinema Complex outside of Seoul.
1999 -- , directed by Kang Jae-gyu, kicks off commercial boom.
2001 -- Local market share tops 50%, boom in overseas sales.
2004 -- and become the first films to sell 10 million tickets.
2004 -- wins Grand Prix (second prize) at the Cannes Film Festival.
2006 -- breaks box office record and helps local market share reach 64%.
Essay on Pros and Cons of Censorship - 589 Words
Even more serious is the growing acceptance of the don’t-rock-the-boat response to those artists who do rock it, the growing agreement that censorship can be justified when certain interest groups, or genders, or faiths declare themselves affronted by a piece of work. Great art, or, let’s just say, more modestly, original art is never created in the safe middle ground, but always at the edge. Originality is dangerous. It challenges, questions, overturns assumptions, unsettles moral codes, disrespects sacred cows or other such entities. It can be shocking, or ugly, or, to use the catch-all term so beloved of the tabloid press, controversial. And if we believe in liberty, if we want the air we breathe to remain plentiful and breathable, this is the art whose right to exist we must not only defend, but celebrate. Art is not entertainment. At its very best, it’s a revolution.
Essay on reasons for and types of censorship - GILC
Articles on Censorship -- A Look at the Different Sides …